"Xingyi emphasises quiet breathing, complete relaxation and the synthesis of the mind and body in sympathetic wholeness and harmony. A form of moving meditation, the mastery of Xingyi by anyone - young, old, male, female, of any walk of life - makes the necessity of its ever being used destructively quite redundant" Robert Smith
What is Xingyi Quan?
Xing Yi Quan (Chinese: 形意拳; pinyin: Xíng Yì Quán, sometimes shortened to Xingyi).
The name Xingyiquan translates approximately to "Form-Intention Fist", or "Shape-Will Fist", also called "Mind-Body Boxing" or just Yi Quan (Mind Boxing) All these names suggest a harmonious merger of thought and action.
Xingyi is at first easy to learn with its seemingly limited range of movement, this art form also appears graceful yet simple, however all elements are to the contrary of the qualities that lay beneath the service, Xingyi will test even the most experienced martial artists.
Mutual Creation Fist
Eight Stance Fist
Hebei Xingyi is characterized by aggressive, linear movements and explosive power, it will change the way you think about martial arts.
The movements found within Xingyi are concise – straight in and straight out. It utilizes calm and steady power, whereby awareness and qi are obtained. Emphasis is upon employing a foundation of single drills as the fundamental fist methods and as a means of execution.
Explosive strength is employed as the core of issuing power. A practitioner of Xingyi uses coordinated movements to generate bursts of power intended to overwhelm an opponent with rapid devastating strikes. However, it is best not to forget that the tradition of a skilled master of Xingyiquan is that he could beat an opponent so skillfully as to not leave the challenger seriously injured.
Thoughts on Xingyiquan
There is something really special about Xingyi, it has just the right balance of expression of form in movement and hardline practicality of fighting application. Xingyi teaches structure, coordination and timing very well, and there are also some great issuing power (fajing) drills that really help you get connected and use that all-important 'whole body power'.
I love the 12 animal forms, all twelve of them are great; the hooks and defence found in Monkey, the crushing forearm and elbows of Rooster, the sheer brutality of bear... I could go on. Each animal has its innate characteristic but more important is that much of the fighting application is actually usable.
If I had to choose one martial art for the rest of my life it would be Xingyi.
There is a quote from master Hong Yixiang that went along the lines of "hold 'Santishi' (Three Bodies Posture) for an hour a day and you'll discover how to improve your Qi", I have never quite managed to stand for an hour a day but I did practise a lot of Santi posture for long periods over the years and did experience some profound breakthroughs in both mind and body.
The 5 Elements movements are regarded as natural and dangerous.
|Chopping forward and over, downwards like an axe.
|Drilling forward and upwards diagonally.
|Striking out to the front, like an arrow.
|Exploding outward like a cannon.
|Crossing across the line of attack while turning over.
A good example of drilling xingyi fist can be seen here: Xingyi Quan Drilling Fist
Xingyiquan employs the five elemental fists, Pi (chopping), Zuan (drilling), Beng (crushing), Pao (cannon pounding), Heng (crossing) and Twelve Shape Fist as its basic fist methods. In standing, it utilizes the Three Bodies Posture, 'santishi' as its basis.
Single and repetitive drill practice, as well as standing cultivation practices were transmitted by Li Luoneng to both Hebei Xingyiquan and Shanxi Xingyiquan.
Xingyiquan Twelve Shape Fist
From Xingyi’s mother fist, “Five Element Fist” evolves. Five Element Fist requires the Six harmonies to become one. From six yin and six yang it originates, borrows its form then one can employ every skill upon heaven and earth.
A Xingyi practitioner must mimic the special characteristics of the movements of the twelve kinds of animals, create attacking methods, and compose the fist forms, to extrapolate the special characteristics possessed by the twelve animals whilst attacking and defending as natural predators. You'll resemble the animal's shape, take its consciousness, as form follows consciousness, consciousness creates form, taking that special skill and turning them into human ability.
The Intent of the Twelve Shapes:
- Dragon possesses the ability to contract the skeleton.
- Tiger possesses the ability to spring upon its prey.
- Monkey possesses the ability to climb mountains.
- Horse possesses (churning) fast hooves.
- Alligators can (float) swim skillfully in the water.
- Rooster is born with a competitive-fighting nature.
- Sparrow hawk possesses the form for piercing through heaven.
- Swallow possesses the ability to skim over the water.
- Snake possesses the skill to move grass aside.
- Eagle possesses the skill of seizing.
- Bear possesses the skill of shaking and pulling out.
- Vulture (Tai Bird) contains striking and ramming movements.
A Brief History of Xingyi Quan by Luo Dexiu
Xingyi honors Yuefei as the founder of its school, its origin can be traced to Ji Jike of Shanxi in the early Qing dynasty.
Li Luoneng considered the essence of Xinyiquan to manifest in the mutual interchange of "External Structure" and "Internal Awareness". Having "form" and "manifestation of awareness", it was initially named, "Shape Awareness Boxing".It is said that Ji Jike created Xinyiba and was also proficient in the Liuhe Spear method. Later, he also obtained the posthumous martial-arts chronicle of Yuefei, wherein he employed the execution of the Big Spear, as fist methods and united it with his original study of Xinyiba to create this martial art.
The descendants of Ji Jike are divided into various systems of Henan, Shanxi, Hebei etc, and are differentiated under various different lineages and names, including Xinyi Liuhe, Xinyiquan, Xingyiquan etc. The current, popular style of Xingyiquan is developed from Shanxi, Dai clan Xinyiquan, as modified by Li Luoneng of Shenzou, Hebei.